> Here are a few examples of early writing. In ancient Mesopotamia (current-day Iraq), baked clay tablets incised with tiny cuneiform script, which was based on picture-symbols, were used in the writing of several languages, most notably Sumerian, Babylonian, and Assyrian. Although examples have been discovered bearing portions of literary texts such as the epic of Gilgamesh, most of these tablets were essentially the equivalent of administrative documents, detailing the receipt of goods and lists of commodities or services exchanged or sold. The texts of these tablets are in Sumerian and Babylonian (sister languages of the Fertile Crescent), ca. 2000 BCE; these are temple records, as far as we have been able to determine.